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Socio-economic status of Indian Muslims: Sachar Committee report

Socio-economic status of Indian Muslims: Sachar Committee report

Muslims comprise the largest minority in India. As per the provisions under the National Commission of Minorities [NCM] Act, 1992, five religious communities – Muslims, Christians, Sikhs, Buddhists and Parsis have been notified as Minorities. According to 2001 Census1, 18.4 per cent of Indian population comprises minority communities. Muslims constitute 13.4 per cent, Christians 2.3 per cent, Sikhs 1.9 per cent, Buddhists 0.8 per cent and Parsis 0.07 per cent of the country’s total population.

In absolute numbers, Muslims [nearly 140 million]account for 72.8 per cent of the total minority population of 189.5 million. The Muslims, who have been historically disadvantaged and vulnerable in spite of the Constitutional safe guards, continue to live in poverty and backwardness. This situation was highlighted by the Gopal Singh Committee set up in 1980 by the then Prime Minister, Indira Gandhi to study the conditions of the community. The committee highlighted in its report that the poor among the Muslims could not avail opportunities in education, employment and economic sphere because of isolation and various historical factors.

This was further corroborated by the Sachar Committee report in 2006, set up by the Prime Minister Manmohan Singh. It must be stated at the outset that the founding visionaries of India had a special commitment to the rights and safety of the minorities. This found reflection in the Constitution of India which enshrines the values of equality, democracy and justice for all citizens. There are safeguards for minorities in the form of various articles prohibiting discrimination on religious grounds and enabling development for
minority communities.

In this report we look at the Socio-economic Status of Muslims in India Following Sachar Report

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